Very very short history:
Going back 30 something years ago, the guys at Bell Laboratories, started developing a solution that was supposed to solve the problem of software developed for a specific machine and not working on different systems. And the solution was the new operating system called UNIX…….and it worked!
Time passed and at the beginning of the 90’s, a guy named Linus Torvalds made a free UNIX version for educational purposes………and it worked!
Then…companies and individuals started to make distributions of Linux, some notable ones and maybe you have heard of are openSUSE, Ubuntu, Red Hat, Fedora, CentOS, Debian, Gentoo, Slackware and many many more.
Me and LINUX:
I first met Linux in College, back in 1998. My friends and i had openSUSE installed on the workstations and little by little i started to get around it. Although we were supposed to learn good things to do, we were mainly interested in internet, games, discovering the hacking and cracking scene. Don’t worry, now all of us have good jobs in Software Development, Network Administration, Engineering, Banking etc.
I didn’t keep in touch with Linux for a while but after some researching, testing, reading, i get involved with Open Source philosophy and how you can use FREE OPERATING SYSTEMS and FREE SOFTWARE to do almost (and you will see what i meen) every job you do with software you have to pay big bucks and upgrade fees.
Why LINUX ?
Because it’s FREE, you don’t have to pay anything to download, install, use, update, upgrade, maintain, NONE, ZERO, NADA ! It’s a free fully functional, competitive, ever growing operating system.
Why Open Source ?
Open Source software is released generally under GNU GPL (General Public License) for free, as in FREE BEER and FREE SPEECH.
Free Beer: you don’t have to pay anything to download, install, use, update, upgrade, distribute as long as you keep it that free for the others to do that.
Free Speech: you can modify, update the software as long as you keep it free for the others to do that.
The pros and cons following are just my opinion and are based on my experience and i have to say that there are many people out there that share my opinions.
– If you use pirated software, using Linux will be good for your mental health as someone said.
– You can get a pipeline of free software for you to use and not needing to pay big money for software.
EG: let’s say you do Arch Previz, you may need:
– a CAD software: like AUTOCAD
– a 3D package for modeling and photorealistic rendering: like Lightwave, 3D Studio MAX, MAYA, XSI, Cinema 4D etc.
– 2D software bitmap or vectorial: like Photoshop and Corel
Plus the money for the operating system you can easily get around 10.000 $, but……..
Using a combo like qCAD, Blender, GIMP, Inkscape on Linux, you pay like……..ZERO $.
– Open source software runs on every operating system, so you get portability.
– It’s different in many aspects so don’t get discouraged, stick to it, it will be a lot of fun.
– Linux it’s NOT the OS that uses only the Terminal, it’s not true, as a beginner, you don’t have to stay in the Terminal, but as long as you go on, you will use the terminal, but for your own sake.
– There are too many Linux distributions (distros) and the problem is not that, because, in fact you can do a research, ask people, try different distros and then choose one.
– When you as questions try to know exactly what you are asking:
- if it’s Linux in general, you will get millions of people to help you
- you might get many responses like “Dude, that’s not like that in my distro”, and so on and so on, so as a begginer try to stick a while to the community of your distro.
– I have to be honest, in some aspects, some Open Source software can’t do everything that the alternative on Windows and MAC do.
I will NOT state that GIMP is equal (or even better some say) then Photoshop. The difference needs more in depth discussion then saying very easily “GIMP beats Photoshop!”. THE FACT IS GIMP IS NOT INTENDED AND WAS NOT CREATED TO BE A PHOTOSHOP CLONE.
Linux and the software under Linux are easy to install, update, upgrade and if you know programming, easy to modify to suit your needs.
You can use LINUX and Open Source and Free software for anything you can think of when you think about the most used operating systems like Window$ and Mac, the easy way or the hard way, but you will get the same results.